Cancer is uncontrolled cell growth. This can be either localized to one part of the body, as a visible mass (tumor) or spread the other parts of the body (metastasis). Cancer is unfortunately very common in pets. It is the number one disease cause of death in dogs and cats. Although cancer is scary, it is NOT a death sentence.
A diplomate of the American Collage of Veterinary Internal Medicine (Oncology) is a veterinarian who is board certified in oncology. To become a board certified oncologist, a four year bachelors degree is required, followed by four years of veterinary school. The doctor then undergoes a one year internship, focusing on internal medicine, surgery, and critical care. After the internship, a three year residency is required, in which the doctor is required to:
See a vast number and variety of cases.
Demonstrate exemplary professional and moral conduct.
Perform a research project and present the results nationally.
Have the results published in a peer-reviewed journal.
Pass a general and a certifying exam in order to prove competency in all areas of oncology.